## 10 EDO, 20 EDO, 25 EDO Intervals?

William Lynch
Posts: 45
Joined: Mon Sep 21, 2015 9:27 pm

### 10 EDO, 20 EDO, 25 EDO Intervals?

How would these work?

For 10 EDO I know major/minor and perfect assume a chain of 720c fifths or 5 EDO and Gai and Gao would be the other chain of fifths. What's odd here is that it seems a Gai second and a Gao second would be enharmonically equal??

P1 , g2, M2/m3, g3, M3/p4, g4/g5, P5, g5/g6, M6/m7, g7/g8, P8

Is this correct?

Dave Keenan
Posts: 2053
Joined: Tue Sep 01, 2015 2:59 pm
Location: Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
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### Re: 10 EDO, 20 EDO, 25 EDO Intervals?

William Lynch wrote:How would these work?

For 10 EDO I know major/minor and perfect assume a chain of 720c fifths or 5 EDO and Gai and Gao would be the other chain of fifths. What's odd here is that it seems a Gai second and a Gao second would be enharmonically equal??

P1 , g2, M2/m3, g3, M3/p4, g4/g5, P5, g5/g6, M6/m7, g7/g8, P8

Is this correct?
This looks like Cam's system, so I'll leave the details to him, but I don't see how a gai second could ever be the same as a gao second. Makes no sense whatsoever. Did you mean a gai second is the same as a gao third (in 10edo)? Quite possibly.
It seems like you've used lowercase "g" to stand for both gai and gao. That would be very confusing.

In a context like this, you could use uppercase G for gai, but in general it will be confused with the nominal G. In which case I suggest just spelling them in full, since they are only 3 letters, same as aug and dim.

An extreme fifth size and short chains like this really shows up the difference between Cam's system (pitch notation based) and mine (sound+symmetry based).

If, as in Cam's system, you base major/minor aug/dim on a single chain of fifths as follows:
... d4 d8 d5 m2 m6 m3 m7 P4 P1 P5 M2 M6 M3 M7 A4 A1 A5 A2 A6 A3 A7 ... then you have the following being equal in all 5n edos
m2 = P1 = 0 c
d4 = m3 = M2 = 240 c
d5 = P4 = M3 = A2 = 480 c
m6 = P5 = A4 = A3 = 720 c
d8 = m7 = M6 = A5 = 960 c
P8 = M7 = A6 = 1200 c
P9 = A8 = A7 = 1440 c

If instead you notated the pitches as a subset of 60 edo (or as a subset of 50 edo in the case of 25edo) then the names of the intervals will all change.

cam.taylor
Posts: 51
Joined: Thu Sep 03, 2015 11:55 am

### Re: 10 EDO, 20 EDO, 25 EDO Intervals?

William has abbreviated a little. In 10 equal, a gai MINOR second (e.g. from D to E  ) should be equal to a gao MAJOR second (e.g. from D to E ). In medium precision JI or near-just tunings, this could be equating something like 13:12 with something like 35:32.

Things get tricky if we abbreviate major and minor in some contexts, sometimes you can skip major and minor and just leave the accidental name (as in pai [minor] second, pao [major] third, etc), but not always, as sometimes it leads to confusion, as above.

10EDO could be

P1, gai 1/gai m2/gao M2, M2/m3, gai m3/gao M3, M3/p4, gai 4/gao 5, P5, gai m6/gao M6, M6/m7, gai m7/gao M7/gao 8, P8.